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Republic of Korea - Seminar for GM animals

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
The “18th LMO Forum – International Seminar” (hereafter referred to as “Seminar”), organized by the Korea Biosafety Clearing House (KBCH, Director Ho-Min Jang, http://www.biosafety.or.kr) and sponsored by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy was held on Wednesday, December 2, 2015, 10: 30am at the Grand Ballroom of the Ritz Carlton, Seoul.

□ (Purpose of Seminar) GM technology is not staying at soybeans, corn, canola and other plants, but commercially expanding to insects, fish and animals. The purpose of this seminar was to share with the public the current status and outlook for genetically modified animals, and to hold a general discussion on the potential benefits and risks of GM Animals.

□ (Contents of Seminar)

- (Fish) Along with the status and outlook of the development of GM fish domestically and abroad (presented by Dr. Yoon Kown Nam of Pukyong University), which includes ornamental fish, salmon and carp, there was a comprehensive presentation on environmental hazard assessment and safety management for fast growing salmon (Dr. Devlin of  Fisheries and Oceans Canada.)

- (Insects) There were also presentations on the history and research trends of GM insects used for pest control in agriculture and health and medical areas (Dr. Ohseok Kwon, Kyungbuk University); status on commercialization of GM insects by Oxitec, with focus on mosquitoes for the prevention of dengue fever (Dr. Camilla Beech of Oxitec); and development and commercialization strategy for GM silkworms for the purpose of producing fluorescent strings and useful material(Dr. Natuo Komoto, National Institute of Agrobiological Science, Japan).

- (Mammals) In addition, presentations were conducted on the current status and outlook regarding animal improvement, and development/production of customized animals with focus on the medical sector (Dr. Goo Jang, Seoul Nat’l University), and development strategy for pigs with application of genetic scissors technology for the purpose of increasing production of meat (Dr. Xi-jun Yin, Yanbian University).

□ At the Seminar, there was an audience of about 200 persons, which included students, citizens groups, government, researcher and media. They all revealed both high expectations and concern regarding GM animals. 

- There was considerable interest in the level of elimination of dengue fever through GM mosquitoes, the potential for development of GM mosquitoes to reduce malaria, the possibility of using muscle-strengthened pigs for human intake, and the actual usefulness of GM silkworms.

- The audience had particular interest in GM salmon, with many concerns over the details and process of risk assessment in the U.S., possibility of infertility, and impact on ecosystem in case of escape.

□ The media, newspapers and Internet media, as well as broadcasting stations enthusiastically covering the news, also showed great interest in this seminar. There was particular concern over the possibility of GM salmon damaging the ecosystem, and high expectations regarding GM mosquitoes and their ability to prevent infectious diseases such as dengue fever or malaria.

□ For the purpose of effective communication on LMOs, KBCH have held a total of 18 LMO forum-based seminars from 2010, which includes this international seminar and two others, upon sponsorship from the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy.

- Through such LMO forum-based seminars that promote public participation, KBCH is contributing to the enhancement of public awareness regarding LMOs and biosafety.  This international seminar in particular will enable the provision of a healthy discussion forum to promote the sound development of the domestic bioindustry with use of GM animals. 2015-12-29T09:10:38Z 2015-12-29T09:10:38Z Ho-Min Jang

Republic of Korea - GMO Communication Programs for Students

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
Based on an awareness that there is a difference in the interest levels and positions regarding LMOs among the social classes, the Korea Biosafety Clearing House conducted a GMO Communication Program for the various strata, students in particular, in order to heighten recognition and understanding of GMOs.

① High School Students
“Is the use of LMOs suitable for sustainable development?” was the key topic of this event, titled the 6th National Debate Competition on Biosafety and Bioindustry for High School Students.  A total of 101 teams (202 students, 2 per team) participated, and the main competition was held on July 30. Participants conducted multi dimensional and indepth discussion on the impact LMO usage that has on the various sectors of economy, society and the environment in terms of sustainable development.  Through a short survey toward participants, it turned out to help alleviate biases and anxieties regarding GMOs, and students revealed that their degree of understanding had been elevated.

② University Students
For six months, from April to September of this year, the Korea Biosafety Clearing House ran a team of reporters consisting of 10 university students, for the purpose of inspiring voluntary interest of university students, improving their knowledge on GMOs, and promoting public communication based on their innovative ideas.  The reporters organized and analyzed major GMO related issues, and made visits to related research centers and NGOs, conducting interviews and uploading the information on their blogs or SNS sites, to produce a total of 159 content creations.  What was unique about products by this group of reporters was that the topic and format of the content were diverse, and they were complete to perfection, enabling themselves to become very useful potential textbooks in future KBCH communication activities.

In the future, the Korea Biosafety Clearing House shall continue to provide more opportunities for communication so that a balanced awareness can be formed based on objective and scientific GMO information. 2015-12-29T09:08:54Z 2015-12-29T09:08:54Z Ho-Min Jang

Republic of Korea - The LMO Safety Management Workshop for Trainees from Bhutan

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
From October 5 to 30, the Korea Biosafety Clearing House conducted a Workshop regarding LMO safety management for two officials from the Bhutan government, titled “Training Program for LMO Detection and Policy-making.”  This seminar was the second Workshop regarding safety management for Bhutan trainees, which was in accordance with the ‘Korea Biosafety Capacity Building Initiative’ proposed by Korea at the 7th Biosafety Protocol Conference of the Parties last year (COP-MOP 7), based on Korea’s years of experience in safety management of Living Modified Organisms.

At this LMO safety management Workshop, two members of BAFRA, an organization under Bhutan’s Ministry of Agriculture and Forest, (Mr. Jambay Dorji, Ms. Tashi Yangzom) participated.  In order to increase the effectiveness and appropriateness, this Workshop consisted of customized training for each of the two participants.  It was planned to allow the participants to make direct visits to institutions in Korea pertaining to the work they are responsible for.  For the personnel in charge of laboratories, he was able to make a direct visit to the relevant university or government agency to develop capacity building in LMO detection and identification.  He was able to experience through direct experimentation the overall process from LMO sampling to DNA extraction and quantitative/qualitative analyses through use of PCR.  For the person in charge of law and systems, we introduced Korea’s LMO related laws and the safety management system, as well as food related laws and CODEX application cases, and conducted comparative studies with related laws in Bhutan.  Moreover, all participants made visits to several organizations so that they could review Korea’s LMO Risk assessment methodology and R&D status.

Going forward, the Korea Biosafety Clearing House shall use the Korea Initiative as a mechanism to provide major national examples to help cooperate with Asian countries to build a effective biosafety systems, and expand international cooperation in related areas such as ABS (Nagoya Protocol).

* The Korea Biosafety Capacity Building Initiative shall be implemented with focus on BCH information sharing, LMO safety management (led by Korea), Risk assessment and management, and Detection and identification (led by SCBD).  It will be implemented from 2015 to 2020 for six years for the purpose of promoting the ability of Parties to implement the Protocol. 2015-12-29T09:07:59Z 2015-12-29T09:07:59Z Ho-Min Jang

Republic of Korea - The Forth Asia Regional Biosafety Clearing House Workshop

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
On November 17th to 20th, the Forth Asia Regional Biosafety Clearing House Workshop was held in Nanjing, China by the Nanjing Institute of Environmental Sciences(NIES), the Ministry of Environmental Protection of China, and co-hosted by the Korea Biosafety Clearing House(KBCH) and United Nations Environment Programme(UNEP).

There were approximately 40 participants at this Workshop, which consisted of Biosafety Clearing House National Focal Points from 18 Asian countries as well as Regional Advisors, and personnel from South Korea, the UN Environment Programme, Secretariat of the Convention on Biodiversity, and China. To hold this Workshop the Korea Biosafety Capacity Building Initiative and UN Environment Programme each assumed half of the costs, while China supplied local conveniences such as the conference site and field tour, etc. The countries that participated in the Workshop are as follows: Bangladesh, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Maldives, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Lao, Cambodia, Bhutan, India, Vietnam, Tajikistan, Korea, China.

At this Biosafety Clearing House Workshop, in order to assist the efficient implementation of the Biosafety Protocol by the participating nations, Regional Advisors conducted presentations* on the status of Biosafety Clearing House implementation and some countries conducted presentations as model examples. Each country shared updates on PAEP activities, and built inter-regional cooperative networks for information exchange. In addition, workshop attracted the interest of participants by holding an exhibition of posters and training materials to introduce the PAEP activities being conducted by each country. Of note, at this Workshop, an “Asia Biosafety Clearing House Roadmap” was established, which encompasses the Workshop goals and expected achievements for the 5 years up to 2020, Biosafety Clearing House and PAEP activities, cooperative networks and capacity building areas.
* Before beginning of the Workshop, a survey was conducted to assess the Biosafety Clearing House status of each country. The results were analyzed and shared to provide an opportunity to evaluate the BCH implementation level of one’s own country, and conceive various means for acquiring biosafety.

Participants engaged in heated discussions to complete the final Roadmap, which resulted in the final closing ceremony on the last day starting 6 hours after the originally planned time.
By preparing the Biosafety Clearing House Roadmap, participants could establish the direction for conduct of the BCH Workshop until 2020, and strengthen the spirit of the Asia BCH Family. 2015-12-29T09:06:50Z 2015-12-29T09:06:50Z Ho-Min Jang

Mexico - Taller Participativo en Preparación del Tercer Informe Nacional sobre la Implementación del Protocolo de Cartagena sobre Seguridad de la Biotecnología del Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
En respuesta a la notificación SCBD/BS/CG/ABw/84181 del 22 de mayo de 2015, se organizó un proceso participativo para socializar la información de bioseguridad y recopilar las opiniones de varios actores nacionales con el propósito de enriquecer la elaboración del Tercer Informe Nacional, y dar cumplimiento a las decisiones BS-VII/3 y BS-VII/14 de la Conferencia de las Partes (COP-MOP), atendiendo la recomendación de las Partes sobre la preparación del reporte a través de un proceso de consulta que involucre, como éstas consideren apropiado, a actores relevantes. 2015-12-10T23:18:11Z 2015-12-10T23:18:11Z Rosa Inés González

Uruguay - Taller 7: Análisis de Inocuidad de Alimentos Genéticamente Modificados. Proyecto FAO TCP/URU/3403: "Fortalecimiento de la capacidad nacional en bioseguridad de la biotecnología para la producción agrícola sustentable"

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
Del 21 al 22 de octubre de 2015 se realizó en Montevideo el Taller sobre Análisis de Inocuidad de Alimentos Genéticamente Modificados. Esta actividad se enmarca en el Proyecto FAO/MGAP de "Fortalecimiento de la capacidad nacional en bioseguridad de la biotecnología para la producción agrícola sustentable" 2015-11-30T18:24:15Z 2015-11-30T18:24:15Z Elisa Dalgalarrondo

Togo - Atelier d’identification des compétences scientifiques pour la mise en place du comité scientifique et technique de biosécurité

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
Dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre du Programme Régional de Biosécurité de l’UEMOA (PRB-UEMOA), l’autorité Nationale Compétente de Biosécurité du Togo, le Ministère de l’Environnement et des Ressources Forestières, a organisé du 22 au 23 octobre 2015 à Lomé, un atelier d’identification des compétences scientifiques pour la mise en place du comité scientifique et technique de biosécurité. Cet atelier a pour objectif de déceler les compétences scientifiques nationales nécessaires pour la mise sur pied dudit comité. Il a rassemblé une trentaine de participants de spécialités diversifiées issus des deux Universités du Togo, des Instituts de recherche et de vulgarisation, des laboratoires étatiques d’analyse et de contrôle.
Les communications ont porté sur :
- Introduction aux concepts de base des biotechnologies ;
- Instruments juridiques internationaux en matière de biosécurité ;
- Dispositifs institutionnel et administratif de biosécurité au Togo ;
- Le rôle du comité scientifique et technique dans le dispositif de biosécurité ;
- Principes d’évaluation et gestion des risques biotechnologiques ;
- Echange et compilation des compétences scientifiques disponibles ;
- Mécanisme du Centre d’échange sur la Prévention des Risques Biotechnologiques   (CPERB). 2015-11-25T12:06:39Z 2015-11-25T12:06:39Z Amah Atutonu

Togo - Atelier de renforcement des capacités des agents chargés du contrôle des frontières et des opérateurs économiques

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
Du 03 au 04 septembre 2015, s’est tenu à Lomé, un atelier de renforcement des capacités des agents du contrôle des frontières et des opérateurs économiques. Cet atelier est organisé par le Ministère de l'Environnement et des Ressources Forestières, Autorité Nationale Compétente de Biosécurité du Togo. Il a pour objectif principal de présenter aux agents de contrôle et aux opérateurs économiques, les exigences du Protocole de Cartagena sur la documentation et l’identification des produits génétiquement modifiés, des techniques et méthodologies qui peuvent être utilisées en vue du respect de ces exigences. L’atelier a connu la participation d’une trentaine de personnes dont les douaniers, les policiers, les forestiers, les agents de contrôle phytosanitaire et vétérinaire et les opérateurs économiques. Il fait partie d’une série d’ateliers organisés dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre du Programme Régional de Biosécurité de l'UEMOA (PRB-UEMOA).
Les thèmes développés sont :
-généralités sur la biotechnologie ;
-enjeux et évolution des biotechnologies dans le monde ;
-points saillants du protocole de Cartagena et du protocole additionnel Nagoya Kuala-Lumpur ;
-avancées du Togo en matière de biosécurité ;
-exigences d’emballage et d’étiquetage des produits OGM dans le cadre des mouvements transfrontaliers ;
-problématique de l’identification des cargaisons d’OGM et des exigences sur la documentation ;
-point sur le centre d’échange sur la prévention des risques biotechnologiques (CEPRB). 2015-11-24T09:57:29Z 2015-11-24T09:57:29Z Amah Atutonu

Togo - Atelier de sensibilisation des acteurs locaux sur les dispositifs nationaux de biosécurité

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
Dans le cadre de la mise en oeuvre du Programme Régional de Biosécurité de l'UEMOA (PRB-UEMOA), le Ministère de l'Environnement et des Ressources Forstières, Autorité Nationale Compétente de Biosécurité du Togo, a organisé du 21 août au 12 septembre 2015, des ateliers de sensibilisation des acteurs locaux sur les dispositifs nationaux de biosécurité dans les cinq régions économiques du pays. L’objectif de ces ateliers est de vulgariser les efforts du gouvernement togolais en matière de biosécurité et de partager avec les différents acteurs nationaux les actions entreprises par l’UEMOA au niveau de la sous-région ouest africain en matière de prévention des risques biotechnologiques.
Ces ateliers ont regroupé des acteurs relevant de différentes structures techniques (l’environnement, l’agriculture, la santé, la recherche, les collectivités territoriales), le réseau des ONG, les chefs traditionnels et les comités de développement villageois.
Les communications ont porté essentiellement sur les thèmes suivants :
- généralités sur la biotechnologie ;
- évolution des biotechnologies dans le monde et dans la sous-région ouest africaine ;
- point sur le protocole de Cartagena sur la biosécurité ;
- point sur le protocole additionnel Kuala Lumpur sur la responsabilité et la réparation ;
- programme régional de biosécurité de l’UEMOA (PRB-UEMOA) ;
- avancées du Togo en matière de biosécurité ;
- participation du public en matière de prise de décision ;
- centre d’échange sur la prévention des risques biotechnologiques (BCH). 2015-11-24T08:45:23Z 2015-11-24T08:45:23Z Amah Atutonu

Caribbean Regional Biosafety Project BCH Workshop 11-13 November 2015

BCH - Вс, 08/21/2016 - 04:58
Caribbean Regional Biosafety Project BCH Workshop 11-13 November 2015 2015-11-13T15:12:59Z 2015-11-13T15:12:59Z Michelle John

Banana Fungus DNA Unravelled; Findings to Lead to Hardier Bananas

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
Researchers at the University of California Davis and Wageningen UR have unravelled the DNA of Pseudocercospora fijiensis, the fungus that causes black Sigatoka disease in bananas globally. The Sigatoka complex's three fungal diseases — yellow Sigatoka (P. musae), eumusae leaf spot (P. eumusae) and black Sigatoka (P. figiensis) — emerged as destruc...

Egyptian Students Organize Biotech Seminars for Sharing Knowledge

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
Biotechnology students from different Egyptian universities started a group last year called BioTeam to share knowledge about biotechnology through a series of talks called Egyptian Biotechnology Era Seminars (EBES). On July 30, 2016, they organized an event at Cairo University's Faculty of Medicine, attended by more than 200 students. Three presen...

Arctic® Fuji Apple Close to U.S. Regulatory Approval

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) has announced to the public the final version of Okanagan Specialty Fruits Inc.'s (OSF) petition seeking regulatory approval for Arctic® Fuji apples, a genetically engineered (GE) nonbrowning variety. APHIS has previously reviewed and deregulated this tra...

Capacity Building Sessions with Biosafety Regulators Held in Pakistan

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
In an event organized by the Pakistan Biotechnology Information Center (PABIC), the Federal Minister for National Food Security and Research Sikandar Hayat Khan Bosan said that Pakistan has taken a number of bold steps regarding biotechnology in spite of many challenges.The two-day event entitled Capacity Building Sessions with the Biosafety Regula...

New Zealand EPA Declares Glyphosate as Noncarcinogenic

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
The Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) of New Zealand released the results of their Review of Evidence Relating to Glyphosate and Carcinogenicity. According to the report, "glyphosate is unlikely to be genotoxic or carcinogenic to humans and does not require classification under HSNO as a carcinogen or mutagen." The results are based on the w...

Scientists Decode Major Pathogen of Barley

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
Scientists at Scotland's Rural College (SRUC), the University of Edinburgh's Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Edinburgh Genomics facility, and Rothamsted Research have sequenced and explored the genome of Ramularia collo-cygni, the pathogenic fungus causing Ramularia leaf spot in barley. R. collo-cygni lives between the cells of barley plants ...

Researchers Engineer White Maize for Astaxanthin Production

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
Astaxanthin is a ketocarotenoid commonly found in crustaceans and is used as a dietary supplement for humans. Gemma Farre of the University of Lleida-Agrotecnio Center in Spain, led a team of researchers from various institutions in Europe in developing a transgenic maize capable of producing this high value carotenoid in its kernels.The team intro...

Isoamylase 1 Affects Starch Production and Amylopectin Structure in Durum Wheat Endosperm

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
The lack of Isoamylase 1 (Isa1) activity in rice, maize, and barley affects starch composition in their endosperm. Francesco Sestili of the University of Tuscia in Italy and colleagues investigated the effect of this deficiency in durum wheat.Researchers knocked-down Isa1 in durum wheat using RNA interference. The generated transgenic endosperms we...

Scientists Use Recombineering to Initiate Site-Directed Mutagenesis

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
Site-directed mutagenesis (SDM) is used to study the resulting translation product for functional characterization. Meanwhile, homologous recombination (HR) is a process where homologous DNA fragments exchanges nucleotides to repair DNA breaks. This mechanism was eventually used to modify plasmids and is now called recombineering.The research team ...

BplMYB46 Gene Affects Abiotic Stress Tolerance and Secondary Cell Wall Synthesis in Birch

ISAAA - Ср, 08/17/2016 - 11:00
Plant MYB transcription factors control various processes, such as differentiation, development and abiotic stress responses. Northeast Forestry University researchers, led by Huiyan Guo, studied BplMYB46, an MYB gene from birch (Betula platyphylla). The team evaluated transgenic birch plants which were either overexpressing BplMYB46 or had a silen...